The Smartest And Cheapest Way To De-Ice Roads

Winter is a time of beauty, tranquility, and, for many of us, travel hazards. This particularly pertains to icy roads, a widespread issue in colder climates. Ensuring these roads are safe for travel can be a challenging task. This article aims to enlighten readers on the smart and inexpensive ways to deal with icy roads, focusing on the most economically and environmentally viable option available: salt brine application.

Unraveling The Challenge Of Icy Roads

Before we delve into the solution, it’s critical to understand the scope of the problem. Icy roads can lead to dangerous driving conditions that may cause accidents. Traditional methods to counter this issue are usually expensive and can be detrimental to the environment. Hence, a balance between cost-effectiveness, efficiency, and environmental friendliness is required.

The Magic Of Salt Brine

The solution proposed is not a new one, but it’s a method that has proven to be cost-effective and productive: the use of salt brine. Salt brine is essentially salt (sodium chloride) dissolved in water in specific proportions. When de-icing roads, this brine helps in lowering the freezing point of water which in turn makes it difficult for the ice to form and bond with the road surface.

Why Salt Brine Works Best

  • Cost-effective and Efficient: Compared to traditional rock salt, salt brine is more cost-effective. It requires less material to cover the same area and is also more efficient as it begins working immediately upon application.
  • Environmentally Friendly: Although the salt content can be harmful if misused, overall, salt brine is more environmentally friendly than other alternatives due to less material being used. Guidelines for use must still be followed to minimize any potential ecological impact.
  • Preventive Action: It is also worth noting that the use of brine can be preemptive. Treating the roads before a snowfall prevents ice from forming and bonding with the surface which makes the removal of snow easier when the time comes.

Perfecting The Art Of De-Icing With Salt Brine

While using salt brine is a cheaper and smarter way to de-icing roads, it’s crucial to do it correctly. To maximize efficiency and minimize harm, authorities should only apply the solution immediately prior to a predicted snowfall. Using it unnecessarily can cause environmental harm and a waste of resources. Also, proper concentration of the solution is crucial to ensure it’s effective and safe.


With winter approaching, it’s critical for cities and towns to prepare for icy road conditions. Using salt brine as a de-icing agent provides an efficient, cost-effective, and more environmentally friendly alternative to traditional methods. However, it is equally important to use this tool responsibly to maintain a balanced approach not only for our safety but also for the welfare of our environment. It’s all about managing the winter conditions smarter without breaking the bank.

Best Types Of Road Salt For De-Icing

When Jack Frost paints the roads a slippery, icy white, road safety becomes a major concern. One of the key defense strategies involves deploying different types of salt for de-icing. However, not all salts were created equal. This article will explore the best types of salt for de-icing, dissecting their benefits, and drawbacks to help you make an informed choice.

Understanding The Icy Problem

The first raindrop that freezes upon contact with the road surface is all it takes to disrupt the serene winter landscape. An icy veneer coats the roads, making them treacherously slippery and posing a significant risk to motorists and pedestrians alike. Thus, de-icing, particularly with salt, becomes a lifeline securing safe travel.

Examining The De-Icing Heroes

While there are numerous types of de-icing salts available in the market, each possesses unique attributes that cater to varying circumstances. We’ll discuss Calcium Chloride, Magnesium Chloride, Potassium Chloride and Sodium Chloride.

1. Calcium Chloride

This road salt variant is the Superman of the de-icing world due to its super performance in sub-zero temperatures, working efficiently even at -25°F. What sets it apart is its ability to release heat as it dissolves, contributing to faster melting of ice. However, it’s harsh on the environment and causes significant corrosion of vehicles and infrastructure.

2. Magnesium Chloride

As a de-icer, Magnesium Chloride excels in slightly warmer conditions, remaining effective to about -10F. Its slower dissolution rate makes it longer-lasting than some competitors. It’s less damaging to plant life compared to Calcium Chloride but remains corrosive to vehicles and infrastructures. Consider it the patient warrior, doing its work steadily overtime.

3. Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride takes a gentle approach similar to Magnesium Chloride but functions at a higher temperature range (approx 20°F-25°F). This eco-friendly warrior is less harmful to plant life and less corrosive but has a slower dissolving rate. This makes it less effective for instant de-icing but confirms its effectiveness over time.

4. Sodium Chloride

Also known as rock salt, Sodium Chloride is very cost-effective, explaining its widespread use. It’s highly efficient but only down to about 20°F, which restricts its use for climates regularly dipping below this temperature. Bearing a heavier environmental impact than Potassium Chloride, it’s a bit of an old-school warrior, steadfast and reliable within its limits.

Arriving At A Decision

Each de-icing salt has its strengths and weaknesses. While Sodium Chloride and Calcium Chloride are highly effective and cost-efficient, they have an adverse environmental impact. On the other hand, Potassium Chloride is eco-friendly but works more effectively in milder winter conditions. Considering your geographical location, budget, and environmental concerns will be essential in selecting the best salt for de-icing.


Winter presents a paradoxical beauty with its stunning white landscapes and potentially dangerous icy roads. However, effective de-icing strategies, including using the right type of salt, can mitigate these dangers. Understanding the unique characteristics of different salts helps in selecting the right tool for the icy challenge. Safe travels this winter!

Trying To De-Ice Pavement? Choose Your Method Carefully

Winter can bring a beautiful blanket of snow and icicles that glisten in the sun. However, when it comes to the practicalities of everyday life, freezing temperatures and icy pathways become a major concern. De-icing pavements is crucial to avoid slips, falls, and potential accidents. With various de-icing methods available, it is essential to choose the right approach. This blog post will outline different de-icing strategies and the factors to consider when selecting an appropriate method.

De-Icing Methods

Rock Salt (Sodium Chloride)

Rock salt, commonly known as sodium chloride, is one of the most popular methods used for de-icing products. It is budget-friendly and widely available. Rock salt lowers the freezing point of water, melting the ice into a slushy mixture that is easier to remove. However, the effectiveness of rock salt diminishes at temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 degrees Celsius).


  • Affordable and readily available
  • Easy to apply


  • Less effective in extreme cold
  • Can damage concrete
  • Harmful to plants and pets

Calcium Chloride

Calcium chloride is another effective option for de-icing products. It is a hygroscopic material that absorbs moisture, generating heat to melt the ice. Calcium chloride works well even in very low temperatures, up to -25 degrees Fahrenheit (-32 degrees Celsius). It is also biodegradable and relatively safe for the environment.


  • Effective in extreme cold
  • Rapid ice-melting action


  • More expensive than rock salt
  • Can cause deterioration of concrete
  • May be harmful if ingested by pets

Magnesium Chloride

Increasingly popular, magnesium chloride works in a similar way as other chloride-based de-icers, melting ice by lowering its freezing point. It is effective in temperatures as low as -13 degrees Fahrenheit (-25 degrees Celsius) and is considered more environmentally friendly compared to other chloride-based options.


  • Effective in low temperatures
  • Less harmful to plants and animals


  • Moderately expensive
  • Can cause damage to concrete

Eco-friendly Alternatives

There are also a variety of eco-friendly alternatives available, such as beet juice, corn-based products, and sand. These alternatives cause less damage to the environment, pavements, and are safer for pets, albeit generally less effective than chloride-based options.


  • Environmentally friendly
  • Safe for pets and plants
  • Less damage to pavements and surfaces


  • Less effective in extreme cold
  • May be more expensive than traditional alternatives


In conclusion, when selecting a de-icing method for your pavement, it is essential to consider factors such as cost, effectiveness at different temperatures, environmental impact, and safety for both humans and pets. No single solution is perfect for all scenarios. However, being aware of the options available and their respective pros and cons will help you make a more informed choice about the right de-icing method to keep your pavements safe this winter.

Bagged Salt Isn’t Always the Best Choice For De-Icing

As winter approaches, we all anticipate the beautiful, white snowscape that transforms our surroundings into a magical wonderland. However, along with its beauty, snowfall brings some treacherous conditions, particularly for drivers and pedestrians. Many turn to rock salt salt as the go-to de-icing solution, but is it really the best choice? Let’s discuss.

The Common Practice: Salt for De-Icing

Rock salt is a widespread solution for combating slippery, icy surfaces during the winter months. It works by lowering the freezing point of water, essentially melting the ice or preventing it from forming. For many, this is an easy and convenient way to ensure safety in snowy conditions.

However, despite its popularity rock salt is not without its drawbacks.

Downsides of Using Salt

Firstly, the environmental impact of rock salt is considerable. Salts can leach into the ground, disrupting vegetation and contaminating groundwater. This can harm local wildlife and, eventually, find its way into our water systems.

Secondly, salt is corrosive. This can lead to premature degradation of our pathways, driveways, and even the undercarriages of our vehicles. The costs of these repairs can soon add up and become a significant financial burden.

Lastly, salt only works effectively at certain temperatures, above 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Below this, the de-icing capabilities of rock salt become significantly less effective.

Alternatives To Salt For De-Icing

Recognizing these drawbacks, many are exploring alternatives to bagged salt for de-icing. These could be more environmentally friendly and effective in both low and high temperatures.

  • Calcium Chloride: A potent alternative to rock salt salt, calcium chloride absorbs moisture from the environment and heats up, effectively melting the ice. Its ability to work at much lower temperatures than rock salt, and in lesser quantities, makes it a favorite for many. However, like rock salt, calcium chloride is potentially harmful to the environment and can cause corrosive damage.
  • Magnesium Chloride: This offers similar benefits as calcium chloride but poses fewer risks to the environment and is less corrosive.
  • Beet Juice: An innovative solution that’s gaining popularity is the use of beet juice, often mixed with small quantities of traditional de-icing salts. This substance lowers the freezing point of water and, thanks to its sticky nature, stays on roads for a longer time. Moreover, it is entirely biodegradable and non-corrosive.
  • Sand and Coffee Grounds: A green and economical alternative is to use sand or coffee grounds. While they will not melt the ice, they can provide much-needed traction on slippery surfaces.


While rock salt salt may be the conventional choice for de-icing during the winter months, it’s worth considering some of the more eco-friendly and potentially effective alternatives available. Not only can these help reduce environmental damage and slow down the degradation of our infrastructure, but they may also work more effectively at varying temperatures.

What Is Rock Salt, And What Is It Used For?

Also known as “Halite”, bagged salt is a mineral that has a long history of usage across various cultures and industries. It tastes like table salt and looks like large crystals. But what exactly is bagged salt, and how is it used? Let’s delve into this fascinating mineral.

Understanding Bagged Salt: An Overview

Salt is the mineral form of sodium chloride (NaCl). It’s found within sedimentary rocks and gets mined in various parts of the world, including the United States, Canada, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Available in a variety of colours, from colourless to white, red, grey, brown, yellow, and blue, it gets its colouration from impurities and the surrounding soil.

The Formation Of Bagged Salt

Bagged salt is usually formed from the evaporation of salty water found in seas or saltwater lakes. Over hundreds of thousands of years, the areas turn dry and leave behind large deposits of minerals, including salt. These deposits are then buried under sediment layers which, over time, turn into the bagged salt deposits that we mine.

Main Uses Of Salt

  • Deicing: One of the most common uses of bagged salt is in the de-icing of roads and walkways during winter. Salt lowers the freezing point of water, thereby preventing ice formation, and helps in melting existing ice.
  • Cooking: Although table salt is more common for cooking, bagged salt has its place in the kitchen. It’s often used in cooking methods such as salt roasting, where food is either cooked on a bed of salt or enclosed in a salt crust.
  • Health and Wellness: rock salt is also popular in health and wellness practices. Therapeutic salt rooms or caves use bagged salt for its reported health benefits, ranging from improving skin condition to easing respiratory problems.
  • Salt Lamps: Carved blocks of bagged salt can also be used as lamps, where a bulb inside heats up the rock, releasing negative ions believed to have health benefits.

The Impact Of Bagged salt

Despite its benefits, the use of bagged salt doesn’t come without any impact. The primary concern associated with bagged salt is environmental.

  • Environmental Impact: When used as a de-icer, bagged salt can find its way into water systems, causing salt pollution that harms wildlife and affects drinking water. It’s important to be careful and conscious about the amount of salt used for de-icing purposes.
  • Corrosive Effects: Bagged salt can be corrosive to certain metals and concrete, causing damage to infrastructure and vehicles over time.


Bagged salt, or halite, is a versatile mineral with a wide array of uses spanning industries such as culinary, wellness, lighting, and winter road safety. Despite its usefulness, it’s crucial to use bagged salt responsibly, considering its potential environmental and corrosive impacts.

What’s In Liquid De-Icer, And Where Can You Use It?

Winter weather often brings picturesque snowfall, but it can also create dangerous icy conditions on roads, walkways, and other surfaces. Enter de-icing solution, your secret weapon for maintaining safety during the cold months. But what exactly is in de-icing solution, and where can you use it? Let’s explore.

Understanding De-Icing Solution

De-icing solution is a solution utilized to melt ice or prevent its formation. Available in various brands and formulations, it can be sprayed directly onto surfaces. Instead of waiting for the traditional solid de-icers like rock salt to dissolve, the liquid version starts working instantly.

Components In Liquid De-Icing Solution

The most frequently used ingredients in liquid de-icer are:

  • Calcium Magnesium Acetate (CMA): This is a salt-free option, making it less corrosive and safer for concrete surfaces while being environmentally friendly.
  • Calcium Chloride: A more traditional de-icing choice, calcium chloride is effective even at very low temperatures. However, it can be corrosive and potentially harmful to vegetation.
  • Potassium Acetate: Very effective at lower temperatures, but also possibly corrosive and, in high quantities, can pose a risk to aquatic life.
  • Magnesium Chloride: This is less corrosive and less harmful to vegetation than some other options but can become less effective in extreme cold.
  • Glycols: Glycols, such as propylene glycol or ethylene glycol, are often used in airplane de-icers due to their lower freezing points.

Where Can You Use Liquid De-Icing Solution?

De-icing solution is versatile in its applications, and it can be used on a variety of surfaces:

  • Roads and Sidewalks: Spraying de-icing solution on roadways and sidewalks is a common practice for preventing ice formation. This can make a significant difference in improving public safety during winter.
  • Parking Lots: Commercial buildings and offices often use liquid de-icer in their parking lots to ensure safety for employees and visitors.
  • Runways: Airports make use of de-icing solution on runways to prevent accidents and maintain smooth operation of planes during winter months.
  • Stairs and Entrances: For residential use, de-icing solution is often used on staircases and entrances to houses to prevent slipping incidents.

Roofs: Care should be taken with rooftop usage due to potential runoff, but some products are safe for these surfaces.


De-icing solution is an extremely effective tool for combating icy and slippery conditions in the harsh winter months with its instant action. While it offers plenty of benefits, it’s crucial to consider the formulation you choose due to the varying environmental impacts and corrosiveness of different ingredients.

In selecting a de-icer, ensure you consider the specific needs of your surfaces, local temperature conditions, and the product’s characteristics before making a choice. This will help you maintain safety while minimizing potential damaging effects. De-icing solution stands as proof that, with smart solutions at hand, we can bravely face even the coldest winters.

Pros And Cons Of Using Salt Brine For De-Icing

With winter on the horizon, preparations for snow and ice management are underway around the world. The fight against icy surfaces involves an arsenal of tools and strategies, a popular one being the application of a particular saline solution commonly called ‘SB’. However, like all methodologies, it has its advantages and drawbacks. Let’s delve into the details.

Understanding The Use Of Saline Solutions For De-Icing

Before exploring the pros and cons, it’s necessary to understand how SB plays its role in de-icing processes. It works by decreasing the freezing point of water, so ice and snow melt even when the temperature dips below the usual freezing point. It’s a simple yet fascinating demonstration of the power of chemistry in our everyday lives.

The Advantages Of SB In Ice Control


The foremost benefit of using salt brine solution is its effectiveness. It works rapidly to de-ice surfaces and provides a certain level of ice prevention when pre-applied before a storm.


The ingredients for creating this solution are readily available and affordable, making it a cost-effective approach to ice management.


Because the primary ingredient is abundantly available, it’s possible for just about any cold-weather city, town, or village to manufacture its own SB for de-icing purposes. This strategy cuts shipping costs and supports local economies.

The Downside Of Employing This Saline Solution

Environmental Impact

While salt brine is an effective de-icer, it has drawn criticism for its environmental impact. As the mixture runs off roads and sidewalks, it can seep into the soil, affecting local ecosystems by elevating salt levels in nearby water bodies. This, in turn, can harm plants, fish, and other freshwater species.

Infrastructural Issues

Over time, this solution can cause significant wear-and-tear on infrastructure. It’s notorious for speeding up rusting processes on vehicles, and its effect on concrete and metal structures is equally corrosive. Thus, regular use can shorten the lifespan of infrastructure and increase maintenance or replacement costs.

Health Hazards

Continuous exposure to high salt levels can also pose risks to pets and humans. Pets walking on treated pavements can get irritated paws. For humans in direct contact with the substance, it can cause skin irritation and, if ingested in substantial amounts, severe health issues.

Striking A Balance

Like all issues of public safety and infrastructure management, using this saline solution for de-icing involves a delicate dance of compromise. From an economic and logistical standpoint, the benefits are clear: it’s an affordable, readily available solution to a persistent problem. However, we must consider the broader environmental, infrastructural, and health implications.


The use of SB for de-icing is a practical, cost-effective solution with some significant drawbacks. By recognizing these trade-offs, we can work towards finding a balance, creating wintry landscapes that are safe to navigate and less damaging to our environment.